Surviving extreme heat is an essential life skill especially if you live in an area likely to be hit with such a natural disaster. In the United States, extreme heat is referred to as a long period of intense heat and humidity with temperatures over 90 degrees. The period usually is around 2 to 3 days. The largest number of deaths, annually are frequently as a result of extreme heat among all weather-related hazards. When there’s extreme heat, the rate of evaporation is slowed, and the body must use a lot of energy to keep a normal temperature which may lead to death as a result of overworking the body. Remember;
- Extreme heat may take place fast without alert.
- Those at higher risk from extreme heat are older adults, children, and sick or overweight persons.
- Humidity increases the rate at which heat is felt as measured by the heat index.
Quick tips of surviving extreme heat attack:
- Look for air conditioning.
- Do not engage in activities that require a lot of energy.
- Dress lightly.
- Take caution on heat illness.
- Make sure family members and friends take precautions.
- Drink lots of fluids.
- Check on heat exhaustion, heat cramps, and heatstroke.
- Make sure people or pets are not left in closed cars.
Detailed Guide On Surviving Extreme Heat Threat
- Identify an area in your community where you can go get cool.
- Make your home cool by observing the following:
- Use drapes or shades to enclose windows.
- Doors and windows should be weather-stripped.
- Reflect heat outside with the aluminium foil-covered cardboard which acts as a window reflector.
- Insulate your home to keep the heat out.
- Attic fans clear hot air, put them to use.
- Window air conditioners should be installed, and insulation put around them.
- Observe and learn to tell the signs that suggest heat-related illness.
Be Safe DURING
- Children, adults, or animals should not be left alone in closed vehicles on a warm day.
- Identify cool areas. Places such as libraries, shopping malls, and community centres are areas to take a break from the heat.
- When you’re outdoors, seek shade. Put on a hat wide enough to cover your face.
- Dress lightly.
- Drink lots of fluids to avoid dehydration. Take care of a family member or friend on a special diet. Ask for a doctor’s opinion on how to accommodate them.
- Avoid electric fans when the temperatures are above 95 degrees. This could increase the risk of heat-related illness. Fans do not lower body temperatures; they just create airflow and a false sense of comfort.
- Do not engage in strenuous activities.
- Examine yourself, family, and friends for the signs of heat-related illness.
RECOGNIZE AND RESPOND
Be aware of the signs of heat-related illness and ways to go about it:
Signs- Pain in the muscles or spasms in the legs, arms, or stomach.
Actions- Relocate to a cool area. Get rid of extra clothing. Drink plenty of sports fluids with sugar and salt. Seek medical attention if cramps last say more than an hour.
Signs- Heavy sweating, muscle cramps, the body appears pale, weak, you feel tired, dizzy, experience headache, vomiting or nausea, or fainting.
Actions- Find a cool place and take a rest. Remove excess clothing. Bathe using cool water. Drink sports fluids with salt and sugar. Seek medical attention if symptoms persist.
Signs– Body temperature taken orally is exceptionally high, around 103 degrees; no sweat and the skin becomes red, hot, and dry; the pulse is intense and rapid; you feel dizzy; get confused; or lay unconscious.
Actions– Seek emergency medical attention immediately; you can call 911 or just get the person to a hospital quickly. Use whatever means accessible to cool down the person till medical help gets there.
Surviving extreme heat should be a careful plan of action and not a rushed mix of decisions. Your safety and survival depends on your preparedness. Consider having emergency kits, first aid kits, and survival food in case of a threat.