Surviving emergency bioterrorism attack is an essential know-how, especially for people living in areas of high risk of attack.
Let’s break down bioterrorism a bit;
Organisms or toxins that can hurt or kill people, livestock and crops are referred to as biological agents. When these germs or viruses are deliberately released, it is referred to as a biological attack.
There are three groups of biological agents that can be used as weapons, bacteria, viruses and toxins. These biological agents are dispersed by spraying them into the air, person-to-person contact, infecting animals that carry the disease to humans, and contaminating food and water.
Before a biological threat;
A biological attack may be immediately noticed or not. In several cases, there will be a wave of sick people seeking emergency medical attention or the local health care workers will report a pattern of unusual illness. Usually, in case of an attack, the public is alerted through an emergency radio or television broadcast, or some other signal used in a society, such as phone calls or an emergency response worker visiting a residence.
To stay safe, protecting your family and property from the effects of a biological threat,
- Build an emergency supply kit- This kit is a collection of essential items your family may need in the event of an emergency. Things such as food, water, flashlight and a first aid kit.
- Make a family emergency plan- It is vital for each family member to know what actions would be taken in case of a disaster strike since the family may not be together when it happens and also know how to contact one another and reconnect if separated.
- Check with the family doctor to ensure that all the required or suggested immunizations are up to date and covers all the necessary family members.
- Consider installing a filter in your furnace return duct, which will filter out most biological agents that may enter your house.
During a biological threat;
Noticing symptoms of the disease caused by exposure to an agent may be the first evidence of an attack. Sometimes public health officers may not immediately provide information on what you should do in the event of a biological attack. To determine precisely the illness, how it should be treated and who is in danger will take time.
During a biological threat, follow these guidelines:
- Listen to the radio, watch TV, browse in different websites to be updated on the official news and information such as where the vaccinations or medications are being distributed, areas likely affected, signs and symptoms of the disease and where to seek for treatment in case you fall ill.
- If aware of a suspicious or unusual substance quickly get far away as possible.
- Cover your nose and mouth using a thick layer of fabric that filters the air but still allows you to breathe, such as a handkerchief or towel.
- Wear a face mask to reduce inhaling or spreading of the germs depending on a particular situation.
- Remove and keep your clothes and personal items if exposed to a biological agent. Follow the official instructions to dispose of the contaminated items.
- If exposed, wash with clean water and soap water and put on clean clothes.
- Seek medical attention; you may be quarantined or advised to keep away from others.
- If your symptoms match those described and you are in a group considered to be at risk, contact the relevant authorities and seek emergency medical attention.
- Follow the doctor’s instructions and of other relevant authorities.
- Whether the disease is contagious or not, expect to receive medical evaluation and treatment.
- Avoid crowds in a declared biological emergency or developing epidemic.
- Disinfect your hands with a disinfectant like soap and clean water regularly
- Avoid sharing food or utensils.
After surviving bioterrorism attack;
Observe keenly on all official warnings and instructions on how to proceed. Delivery of medical services may be handled in a different way since there may be creased demand of the services.
The medical protocols and public health procedures for controlling exposure to biological agents are the same as for any infectious disease. Pay attention to official instructions through the radio, television, and emergency alert systems.
No stone should be left unturned when it comes to surviving emergency bioterrorism attack. These are crucial tips that will go a long way in ensuring your safety.
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